斯科特杨原文,帮你提高英文阅读速度的九个决窍

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Preview the material you‘re going to read。 Look at main headings,
chapter divisions, and other relevant material–to develop clues about
the structure of the work。

First we have anatomical reasons to throw out absurdly high reading
rates. In order to read, the eye has to stop at a part of the text, this
is called fixation. Next, it must make a quick movement to the next
fixation point, this is called a saccade. Finally, after you jump a few
points, the brain has to assemble all this information so you can
comprehend what you’ve just seen.

Lack of concentration or partial/impaired concentration is an obvious
problem for speed reading, the effects of the environment on ones
reading rhythm and the general tendency of some people to be able of
acceptable reading rate only in ideal situations. This problem is one of
the basic speed reading problems and is usually dealt with in most
courses.

2、在翻阅的还要调动阅读速度。对于供给领悟精晓的篇章,放缓速度;而对此已熟谙(或无需了解)的从头到尾的经过,快捷读过。

The other main recommendation I made in my speed reading article was
using a pointer. This means moving your finger or a pen to underline the
text as you read it. This technique is supposed to help you make eye
fixations and reduce the random wandering of the eye which can waste
time. One study suggests that this apparent function isn’t realized, and
that the pointer functions as a pacing
device,
while actual eye fixations are uncorrelated with pointer or hand
movements.

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Talk about what you‘ve read。 Some readers find that by talking about
their reading with friends or fellow students, they are able to
effectively synthesize the material。

Eye-movement expert Keith Raynor, argues
that
even going beyond 500 words per minute is improbable because the
mechanical process of moving your eye, fixing it and processing the
visual information can’t go much faster than that.

Train yourself to read more quickly by forced timing. If you are a
runner, training for a race, you go out and run every day and you try to
improve your time or your distance.

8、找到自个儿的“阅读地方”,即那二个不会打扰或分散你集中力的地点。

Since that time, I’ve had some lingering doubts about speed reading. In
addition to seeing some flickers of research that made me suspicious
about speed reading programs, I had mostly stopped using the techniques
I originally advocated. My reading diet had switched from lighter
self-help, to denser and more academic writing. That meant
comprehension, not speed, was the bottleneck I was trying to improve.

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Determine a reading schedule that works for you。 You may find that you
can’t concentrate on the material for more than an hour (or a half
hour)。 Also select a time of the day when you are alert and ready to
read。

Speed reading experts claim that subvocalization is the bottleneck that
slows down your reading. If you can learn to just recognize words
visually without saying them in your inner voice, you can read much
faster.

About the author: About the Author: Jonathan Mayheart has been writing
speed reading tips and advice for internet sites in the last few years.
Jonathan currently writes Speed Reading articles for the tips and advice
website ZupaTips.com

6、顶牛你所读的剧情。有人开掘,读后与对象或同班商量他们读过的开始和结果,能够使得地归咎精晓所读内容。

Their website claims to have
research
showing faster reading speeds, but unfortunately I was not able to find
any independent, peer-reviewed work substantiating these claims.

Set a timer and run a reading race every day for two to four weeks. You
do not have to spend more than five minutes on this exercise. You may
become frustrated, at first, by the fact that you cannot read as fast or
remember as much as you would like.

Readers can dramatically improve their reading speeds by taking in
several words in the line of text at one time (instead of sounding out
each word, or focusing on each letter of the word。 Computer programs
like Speed Reader or Rapid Reader are designed to help readers improve
reading speeds with flashing letters and words。 You may also want to
learn more about other techniques。

Working memory constraints here too, enforce a limit on the upper speed
you could use Spritz and still be considered to be “reading” everything.
Remember reading was a three step process: fixate, saccade and process.
Well that processing step slows down regular reading too. If there are
no pauses in the stream of words, there isn’t enough time to process
them and they fall out of working memory before they’re
comprehended.

Improve Your Reading

5、使用“节奏器”,举个例子一支笔或手指,以在翻阅一行或一页时,形成一种注视大旨。节奏器既可以帮你巩固速度,还是能防止双重阅读,并推搡明白阅读内容。

Is It Possible to Read 20,000+ Words Per Minute?
Some speed reading claims can be tossed aside immediately. Claims that
you can read a book as fast as you can flip through a phone book are
completely impossible on anatomical and neurological levels.

Short attention span is a clear problem, almost everyone knows this
problem, you start strong and begin to slow down as you read on. This
kind of problem typically creates a situation of going back to re-read
some lines over and over again, or a need to read the same sentence a
couple of times for lack of understanding or loosing the line of thought
altogether.

3、能够透过二次在一行里读数个词的秘籍,来众人周知拉长阅读速度,并非一字一板去读出那个词来。有个别软件,如“速读”和“快读”,正是特意布置通过闪光字母和单词来抓实大家阅读速度的。或者你还亟需上学其余部分本领来达到这一点。

Skimming, isn’t actually a bad method, provided it’s used wisely. One
study
found that skimming a text before going on to reading it, improved
comprehension in the majority of cases.

Practicing time reading is also good, set up a timer and see how much
you read in one minute, and in five minutes. Try and honestly estimate
how much did you get from the text (make sure this is something you read
for the first time), and try to beat yourself at this over and over
again, until you start to feel that you have moved up one level.
Experiment with different texts, and try to find books with text that
has some questions about what you just read so you can apprise your
understanding. Evaluate your situation every time you do this, reading
faster sometimes mean that you will make more mistakes on understanding
the subject, you should start making “mental notes” while reading so you
will not fail answering the questions.

Another way to improve your reading speed is to focus on the key words
in the sentences。 A significant amount of reading time is wasted on
conjunctions, prepositions, or articles (i.e。 a, an, the, but,
and, or, nor, but, etc。)。

I Was Wrong About Speed Reading: Here are the Facts
January, 2015
148
Comments
Seven years ago, I read some books and articles on speed reading and
started practicing some of the methods. I found I was able to increase
my reading speed from 450 word per minute to 900 in the drills, so I
published an article entitled, Double Your Reading
Rate,
which has since become one of the most popular on this website.

Reading by heart, when a person reads to himself (muttering the words or
even reading out load) is an obvious problem since speed reading is much
faster than talking, the reading out load inhibited the ability to read
fast and also regulates a slow input of information into the cognitive.

4、进步阅读速度的另四个方法是,注意句子中的关键词。我们在连词、介词和冠词上浪费了太多时光,如:a,
an, the, but, and, or, nor, but等。

This isn’t always possible. I read a lot of books unsure about what I
want to discover in them. Fiction and reading for pleasure can’t be
reduced to a mission objective. However a lot of bland, necessary
reading in our lives fits this type. Speeding it up might be worthwhile
if it leaves us more time for reading with curiosity.

Most of the people who attend speed reading courses and classes have
some kind of problem, or believe they have some kind of problem, with
their reading, here are a few of these potential problems.

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There seems to be some mild evidence here in favor of speed reading. One
study of a
course
had some students quadruple their speed. Another study showed some speed
reading experts reading around the 600 word per minute level, roughly
twice as fast as a normal reader.

Poor eye movement may cause some readers to shift their eyes to other
directions and than go back to the book or paper to relocated the last
point read. This problem also correlates with poor mechanical skills,
which can be a real problem in speed reading.

9、演习、演练、再演练。进步阅读速度的最棒法子,正是演练。尝试上述措施,再结合本身完美它们。

Another tip offered in a lot of speed reading courses, which is likely
good advice, is to know what you’re trying to get out of a text before
you read it. Thinking about this before you start reading allows you to
prime yourself to pay attention when you see words and sentences that
are related. Even if you’re reading at a speed which has some
comprehension loss, you’ll be more likely to slow down at the right
moments.

Delayed reaction to information and material – This delay often comes
from inattention, reading ahead or distraction. Desire to remember every
word – This is loosely related to the tendency to re-read or slow down.

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